Elizabeth Peratrovich was an inspiring advocate for indigenous rights and equality for the native Alaskan people. Born in Petersburg, Alaska, in 1911, she was raised among Tlingit natives and experienced firsthand their struggles against discrimination and inequality. Elizabeth’s bravery in confronting powerful politicians and the government led to the passing of Alaska’s Anti-Discrimination Act of 1945, the United States’ first anti-discrimination law. Her remarkable life story showcases her fearless determination, and her legacy continues to inspire generations of people.

Section 1: Early Life

Elizabeth’s parents were Tessie and Andrew Wanamaker, of Tsimshian and Tlingit heritage, respectively. Elizabeth grew up in a cabin on Wrangell Island with her siblings. Living in a predominantly Native Alaskan community, Elizabeth witnessed firsthand the injustices that her people faced. This sparked a passion within her to fight for their rights.

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Section 2: Education

Elizabeth realized early on that education was a vital tool in affecting change. She attended the Native Vocational School, where she studied bookkeeping, typing, and shorthand. Her skills in these areas helped her take on leadership roles, such as the Grand President of the Alaska Native Sisterhood, where she fought hard for Native Alaskan women’s rights.

Section 3: Activism

In the early 1940s, Elizabeth was a leading voice in the fight against discrimination in Alaska. She frequently testified in front of the Alaska Territorial Legislators to advocate for indigenous rights and equality. During one memorable testimony in 1945, she challenged the Governor and legislators to explain why indigenous people had different rights than other Americans in Alaska. Her powerful testimony sparked a chain of events that led to the creation of Alaska’s Anti-Discrimination Act.

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Section 4: The Anti-Discrimination Act

The Anti-Discrimination Act was a historic victory for the indigenous people of Alaska. The law prohibited discrimination based on race, ethnicity, or nationality, making Alaska the first state in the United States to pass anti-discrimination legislation. The Act was a significant turning point in the battle for civil rights in Alaska and inspired other movements worldwide.

Section 5: Elizabeth’s Legacy

Elizabeth’s impact on Alaskan society and the United States cannot be overstated. She showed that people from marginalized communities are capable of making a significant impact in politics. Her activism and advocacy inspired a generation of Alaskans to speak out against discrimination and injustice.

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Section 6: Awards and Recognition

Elizabeth’s contributions to the fight for indigenous rights have earned her numerous accolades, including the Elizabeth Peratrovich Award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and an Alaskan state holiday in her honor.

Section 7: Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What was Elizabeth Peratrovich’s goal?
Elizabeth’s goal was to end discrimination against indigenous people in Alaska and to promote equality and justice for the marginalized population.

Q2: What was the significance of the Anti-Discrimination Act?
The Anti-Discrimination Act was significant because it was the first of its kind in the United States, making Alaska a leader in promoting civil rights and equality.

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Q3: What inspired Elizabeth’s activism?
Elizabeth Peratrovich was inspired by the inequality and discrimination that she and other indigenous people faced, which drove her to fight for justice and advocacy.

Q4: What was the impact of Elizabeth’s advocacy on the indigenous population?
Elizabeth Peratrovich’s advocacy helped bring attention to the issues of discrimination faced by the indigenous population, thus paving the way for their recognition and protection of their rights.

Q5: What awards has Elizabeth Peratrovich received for her contributions to the community?
Elizabeth Peratrovich has been awarded several accolades, including the Elizabeth Peratrovich Award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and an Alaskan State holiday in her honor.

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Q6: How did Elizabeth Peratrovich influence the fight for indigenous rights in the United States?
Elizabeth Peratrovich was a leading figure in the fight for indigenous rights in Alaska, inspiring activists across the nation to take up the cause.

Q7: Why is Elizabeth Peratrovich an inspiring figure?
Elizabeth Peratrovich’s story is inspiring because she showed how one person can make a tremendous impact in promoting justice, equality, and advocating for the marginalized population.


Elizabeth Peratrovich’s life and legacy continue to inspire us today. Her bravery, dedication, and passion for justice highlights the importance of standing up against discrimination and inequality. Elizabeth’s story serves as a powerful reminder that change is possible, and we all can help build a better and more equitable society. Her legacy will continue to inspire future generations to advocate and fight for their rights. Let’s continue Elizabeth’s legacy by becoming advocates for equity and justice in the world we live in.

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